Venice – Castello – Santa Maria Formosa, San Zaccaria

Z Santa Maria Formosa do Riva

To the south lies the pleasant square of Campo di Santa Maria Formosa, where there is a small market every morning. The Church of Santa Maria Formosa was built by the Bishop of Oderzo, Saint magno, in the 7th century, after that, as in a dream the mighty one appeared to him (formosa) statue of the Madonna. The current building is another Coducci work from the year 1492. The most outstanding painting in the church, altar painting Saint Barbara of Palma II Vecchio, the English writer George Eliot had already admired it, which hailed it as "an almost unique representation of a woman-hero”. Madonna of Mercy (Merciful Mother of God) Bartolomeo Vivariniego (in the side chapel) is a good example of this Catholic symbol, which has perhaps the most warmth in it: in this painting, Madonna protects a group of parishioners with her coat.

Around the corner of Santa Maria Formosa, w renesansowym Palazzo Querini-Stampalia, located at Pinacoteca Querini-Stampalia (wt.-nd. 10.00-14.45; 5000L). Everyone's eye is most enjoyable here, except perhaps ardent supporters of 17th and 18th century Venetian painting, quite early pictures, e.g.. portraits of Francesco Querini and Paola Priula Querini Palma il Vecchio and a visit to the temple of Giovanni Bellini. Besides, the most interesting is the eighteenth-century interior of the rooms.

San Zaccaria

Located a few meters from the Riva degli Schiavoni, Campo San Zaccaria has a more turbulent past than any other. The local monastery was known for its debauchery (The officials sent here once to close its female part met with a barrage of bricks), a year 864 Doge Piętro Tradonico was murdered on Campo returning from vespers. Towering over the square, the Church of San Zaccaria is a pleasant blend of Gothic and Renaissance. Its construction was started by Antonio Gambello, and ended after his death in a year 1481 Mauro Coducci, which made the upper part of the facade (from the first floor up). Inside is one of the most beautiful altar paintings in the city, Madonna surrounded by Saints Giovanni Bellini. For a small fee, you can see the rebuilt remains of the former church, Chapel of Sant’Atanasio i Chapel of San Tarasio. There you can admire an early painting by Tintoretto The Birth of John the Baptist and three excellent altar paintings by Antonio Vivarini and Giovanni d'Alemagna. Mosaics from the 9th and 12th centuries are visible through the openings in the floor, you can also visit the thrilling one, damp crypt from the 9th century.

Seaside boulevard, Riva degli Schiavoni, goes all the way to the Pier. It is a popular place for walks, especially at sunset. Many famous people lived in houses and hotels on the boulevard. At the number 4145 Petrarch lived for some time with her daughter, Henry James stopped at no 4161 in the period, as he finished his Portrait of a Lady, and Hotel Danieli hosted George Sand, Dickensa, Prousta, Wagner, Ruskina (very often), and Tina Turner.

In the middle of Riva rises the Pieta Church (Santa Maria della Visitazione). It is known as the place, where Vivaldi worked as a choir conductor (he was also a violin teacher at a neighboring orphanage). He won the competition for the church reconstruction project in 1983 1736 Giorgio Massari, who probably consulted Vivaldi on acoustics. Rebuilding started in the year 1745, and the façade was not completed until a year 1906. The church functions to this day as a concert hall and when the ticket office is open, you can look inside: after renovation it looks like a wedding cake turned inside out and has one of the most pompous paintings in Venice I Praise Giambattista Tiepolo's Paradise.

Od School of St. George na północ

The ground-floor part of Scuoli di San Giorgio degli Schiavoni is certainly one of the ten most beautiful halls in Europe (IV-X wt.-sb. 9.30-12.30 i 15.30-18.30, nd. and holidays 9.30-12.30; IX-III wt.-sb. 10.00-12.30 i 15.30-18.00, Sun and holidays 9.30-12.30; 3000L). They founded Scuola in a year 1451 Slavs living in Venice to defend their interests (Schiavoni), most of whom were merchants. The present building comes from the beginning of the 20th century. XVI century, and the whole interior looks more or less like it did then. Straight from the street you enter the magnificent lower hall, the walls of which are decorated with the years old 1502-1509 the cycle of paintings by Vittore Carpaccio. Initially, they were located in the upper room, but during the "remodeling” in year 1551 they were moved downstairs. The cycle consists mainly of scenes from the life of St.. George, Tryphon and Hieronymus (patrons of Dalmatia), and the Vision of St.. Augustine, depicting the moment, when Augustine tells about his vision of the death of Jerome.

The center of the Greek quarter of Venice is visible from afar, the much sloping tower of San Giorgio dei Greci. The Greeks had been a large group in the city since the 11th century, and after the conquest of Constantinople by the Turks in a year 1453 it increased even more. At the end of the 15th century, they had their church here, school and Collegium. The current scuoli building (just like Collegium) it was designed by Longhena in the 17th century and now houses the Museo Dipinti Sacri Bizantini (pn. and Wed-Sat. 9.00-12.30 i 14.30-17.00, nd. and holidays 9.00-12.00; 2000L). Even though most of the most beautiful works (XV-XVIII wiek) in the field of composition and symbolism, he continues the tradition of icons and does not show realistic tendencies, it is fascinating to try to trace Western influences in these pictures. In the church, there are even 12th-century icons and numerous works by the 16th-century artist from Crete, Michaela Danas-kinasa.

Name of the Church of San Francesco della Vigna (codz. 7.00-11.45 i 16.45-19.00) comes from here, that when a year 1253 the Franciscans took over this place, there was a vineyard here. The construction of the present church began in 1983 1534 by design and under the direction of Sansovino, but during construction, the design was changed and Palladio was asked to construct the facade. Although the building is smaller than the other two churches of the mendicant orders, San Zanipolo i I Frari, it's more off-putting, because, that the cool Renaissance architecture also exudes cool colors. However, there are works of art here, which encourage you to visit the church, but you need to have small coins with you to highlight them. Be sure to see Saint Jerome, Bernard and Louis by probably Antonio Vivarini (to the left of the main door), sculptures of the Lombardo family depicting prophets and evangelists (in the chapel to the left of the presbytery), oraz Holy Veronese Conversation (fifth chapel on the north side).

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